Disaster Management: Challenges and Opportunities
Indonesia is one of the world's most susceptible nations to natural disasters, with more than 600,000 people a year suffering from their consequences (2009 UN Global Assessment on Disaster Risk Reduction). In the first quarter of 2011 alone, Indonesia experienced 67 significant earthquakes (5.0 magnitude or higher). Volcanic eruptions, flooding, landslides and tsunamis are continual threats. Disaster resilience and management are therefore a top agenda item for the Government of Indonesia and its international partners, including the UN.
The disaster management structure is still evolving at sub-national levels. The degree of disaster preparedness varies greatly between provinces, highlighting a need for local strategies for disaster risk reduction and disaster preparedness. Considerable investment and reform, with support from international partners, continues to be needed for Indonesia to consolidate its capacity for disaster management.