OCHA Indonesia is embedded within the UN Office of the Resident Coordinator/ Humanitarian Coordinator (RC/HC) in Jakarta. The Head of OCHA doubles as Head of the UN Office of the RC/HC and in that capacity devotes attention to UN coordination issues and direct support to the RC/HC. The joint UN Office of the RC/HC was set up in 2006 to better integrate humanitarian issues with recovery, development and other cross-cutting concerns, namely Human Rights, Gender, Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Avian Influenza and coordination among UN agencies.
ORIGIN AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF OCHA’S PRESENCE IN INDONESIA
The United Nations (UN) Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) has been known as such since 1998; when its original name, Department for Humanitarian Affairs (DHA) was changed to better reflect humanitarian concerns within the United Nations. The Office was established after General Assembly Resolution 46/182 of April 1992, which established the function of the UN Secretariat Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC), and Under-Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs.
OCHA has been present in Indonesia since September 1999, when an office in Dili was established to support the Secretary General’s Special Envoy for the East Timor Crisis. In coordination with that office, a small OCHA presence in Jakarta and Kupang was also established.
In the recent years, Indonesia has made remarkable strides in restoring relative social and political stability in most of the conflict-affected regions enabling displaced people to return to their villages of origin and resume normal activities.